Novel algorithms for the characterization of n-port networks by using a two-port network analyzer

Bianca Will, Ilona Rolfes, Burkhard Schiek

Advances in Radio Science, DOI:10.5194/ars-5-13-2007, Vol. 5, pp. 13-17, 2007


The measurement of the scattering matrices of n-port networks is an important task. For this purpose two ports of the n-port network are connected with the network analyzer and the remaining ports are connected to reflecting terminations. In order to specify the scattering matrix of a n-port network with the multi-port method (Rolfes et al., 2005), n reflecting terminations are required from which at least one reflection factor needs to be known. There are some cases, in which the multi-port method shows weak convergence properties. For example, a T-junction cannot be identified if the reflecting terminations used are short circuits and if the line length is equivalent to a multiple of a half wavelength. This is due to the fact that the two ports connected to the network analyzer become isolated. Two new algorithms, named the sub-determinant method and the wave-identification method, respectively, which employ a second set of reflection terminations that have to differ from the first set, allow to identify every n-port network without the necessity to distinguish different cases. Both methods are based on least square algorithms and allow to determine all scattering parameters of a n-port-network directly and uniquely.

[Adv. Radio Science]

Tags: n-port, networks